Explain two theories of ageing

Social disengagement theory

This kind of theory was originally proposed by Henry Williams and Elaine Cumming in 1961. In accordance to this theory, as persons age that they disengage coming from society. This might be because seniors would have constrained opportunities to match others. Sociable disengagement is actually a natural part of ageing in which older people experience a reduction in sociable contact. The causes of disengagement could be: Ill health, this might be the loss of experiencing as they didn't be able to notice other people, the lack of mobility because they wouldn't manage to go to areas as easy. These types of make conversation with other persons more difficult. Geographic mobility, a large number of people maneuver and leave the workplace to areas away from family and friends. Also members of the family move aside for employment or a better lifestyle. Retirement living, retirement by work signifies that they will have less contact with colleagues in a social setting as they usually are seeing co-workers on a day to day basis. Ill health of family and friends, in the event friends and family include poor range of motion or another handicap they may have reduced sociable contact because they may not be capable to see all of them often. Travelling and technology, some older people do not have usage of a car, the internet, or a mobile phone, this may limit their options for social contact.

Activity theory

In 1966 Bromley argued that older people also have to remain ‘active' to prevent disengagement going too far. Bromley said ‘It is certainly not sufficient basically to provide facilities for seniors. They need to end up being educated to employ them and encouraged to abandon apathetic and fixed practices. ' He argued that it was important to remain mentally, bodily, and socially active. Also to maintain any in life and enjoy the company of others. Too much disengagement may lead to ‘stagnation' and a loss of mental and physical skills. To keep mentally effective people may, play panel games like scrabble, or perhaps go to quiz nights. To stay physically active people could go for a walk, simply by cleaning your house if they are literally capable to. To maintain socially active older people need to see friends and family.


Weekly timetable for any healthy 75 year old.






Food shopping for a week



Lay in/ relax

Choose a walk



Clothes shopping

Any NHS or other appointments

See Family members


Lay in / relax




Fitness center

See friends



Ride on the Harley

Ride on the Harley

Look after grandchildren


Lay in/ rest

Observe family

Family dinner

Social disengagement theory

Through this schedule there isn't any lot of social disengagement they have 3 early evenings and three or more mornings where they are just lying in or soothing where they will aren't seeing friends or perhaps going out. However they spend almost all of their periods with close friends and viewing family. Activity theory

They are emotionally active because they go stop which certainly numbers, also, they are physically active because they go swimming, gym, go for a walk. And they are socially active as they observe friends and family. Nevertheless they do unwind and lay down in. Continuity theory

They still see family and friends and go out over a Harley Davidson rides. Nevertheless they now have grandchildren which they would not have had before and look following and spend more time with them.

Application to into the social supply D2

During the ageing process, the elderly might take different ways to aging and may apply to diverse theories of aging like the disengagement theory and the activity theory. Every elderly individuals will handle ageing in various ways, they could wish to stay active or they may desire to disengage themselves due to major depression or they may be unable to handle the processes of becoming older. Poverty can also be a barrier to remaining...


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